Liked it? In several cases, Lanier’s biography also lines up with content in Shakespeare’s plays, and different versions of her name are used as character names throughout the Shakespeare canon, which some claim she included as hints that she was the true author. Meanwhile, it was de Vere’s family that financed the publication of the first folio of Shakespeare’s writing in 1623. The speculation is of no use , whatsoever. So be it with Mr. Shakespeare. Other times got worse as the rewriting continued en masse. All of them. Manners in particular was known to have been a prolific writer, but he only published under pseudonyms. If you haven't heard of record-smashing singer and songwriter Mariah Carey, is there any hope for you? Another crucial piece of evidence concerns Shakespeare’s famous love sonnets, some of which tell of an affair with a younger man who was himself seeing a dark-eyed, dark-haired woman. Lanier’s lover was a patron of the arts, so she would have been acquainted with the theater and possibly William Shakespeare himself. Scholars have long noted feminine touches and voice in the work of Shakespeare. Evidence includes specific and unusual clusters of words that seem to only appear in Lanier’s work and plays like A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and certain plot points that exist in both Shakespeare plays and in Lanier’s book of poetry, Salve Deux Rex Judaeorum. Sir Francis Bacon was one of the first “true authors” proposed by the “Anti-Stratfordians”—the blanket term used to refer to those who doubt Shakespeare’s authorship—in the 19th century. Nice list. Even though the vast majority of Shakespeare scholars have rejected it, this theory has become increasingly prominent since the 1980s, and has even inspired an upcoming film called Anonymous. Shaw’s letter goes on to name-check … Adherents of the alternate author theory point to Shakespeare’s humble origins, lack of formal education, and the murkiness of his historical record as evidence that the Bard was incapable of the genius that can be found in his work. A number of different group candidates have been proposed, including Mary Sidney, Francis Bacon, and even Sir Walter Raleigh, all of whom have been put forth as possible leaders of the Shakespeare syndicate. While he was known to be a skilled writer and scholar, most of his professional life was spent as a member of parliament. An English nobleman with a penchant for playwriting, William Stanley served as the 6th Earl of Derby from 1594 until his death in 1642. While it rests on some dubious assertions, the Marlovian theory is one of the oldest Shakespeare authorship arguments. Read 738 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Take a second to support on Patreon! I think there’s a kind of “Jack the Ripper” snobbishness at work here: the Ripper HAD to be a celebratory. They have a need to feel superior by virtue of their special knowledge or insight. Biographics – History, One Life at a Time. He was known for secrecy with regard to his writing—no plays written under his name have survived—which many say makes him the perfect candidate for being a “suppressed author.” “Oxfordians” point to de Vere’s travels and his position as a courtier as proof that he would have had all the reference he needed to write about nobility and royalty as they are depicted in the plays of Shakespeare. Some scholars have claimed that the language employed by de Vere in personal writings is remarkably similar to that of Shakespeare, and they point to a Latin grammar document referenced in Shakespeare that contains the sentence “Edwardus is my proper name” as being a possible hint from de Vere. This list should really just be William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, and (in a tie for first place) William Shakespeare and William Shakespeare. Perhaps most interesting of all, although Shakespeare lived twelve years past de Vere’s death, he remained silent on certain contemporary topics—most notably scientific breakthroughs and politics—in his later work. This date, which can be traced to a mistake made by an 18th-century scholar, has proved appealing to biographers because Shakespeare died on the sam… She is best known today for founding the Wilton Circle, an important literary group, and for being one of the first women in England to publish a play. The Early of Derby was first proposed as a Shakespeare authorship candidate in 1891, when an archivist uncovered letters from a Jesuit spy that described Stanley as being “busy penning plays for the common players.” According to most “Derbyite” theory, passages in plays like “Love’s Labour’s Lost” are too steeped in French and European history not to have been written by someone who was intimately familiar with the goings on of the court. His dedication to experimentation and procedural investigation led many to call him the father of the scientific method. There are a number of theories surrounding the authorship of Shakespeare’s plays, but most are based on one of the following three ideas: The William Shakespeare of Stratford-upon-Avon and the William Shakespeare working in London were two separate people. Biographics – History, One Life at a Time. Top 10 Shockingly Rich Celebrities & Their Net Worth, 10 Types of Communication Closest to a Universal Language. But it has been argued that Neville’s life lines up almost perfectly. Although the details of her life are incomplete, Lanier is remembered today for being one of the first professional female poets in England. Like many of the other candidates, Manners possessed the education, skill, and perspective to have written plays and poems of a very high quality. There are a number of books, novels and collections whose titles were directly taken from some of Shakespeare’s lines from his plays or poems. A Woman or a ‘secret’ royal personage is exciting as well. According to the theory, this group merely used the figure of William Shakespeare as a front for the release of its collective writings. The following are ten of the most notable possible authors of the works of Shakespeare, along with explanations of why some think they might be the greatest writer you’ve never heard of. I like to think he wrote his own material. Born Emelia Bassano, she was married to a court musician, but spent several years as the mistress to the first cousin of Queen Elizabeth. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1601 for playing a minor role in a failed uprising against Queen Elizabeth, but was released when James I ascended to the throne. He was one of the major thinkers on empiricism, the branch of philosophy that asserts all knowledge is gained through the senses. So it is that Shakespeare, a small-town boy with a perfectly good middle-class education could not possibly be, well, Shakespeare because he never went to college. Our newest biography website and YouTube channel. Nicolas de Largillière, Wikimedia Commons. Most of all, she was skilled at writing and translating plays and poetry. He has identified some writers like Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, Somerset Maugham, Tom Stoppard, John Steinbeck, Aldous Huxley, William Faulkner… They have been falsely connected by historians. Privacy Policy | TopTenz T-Shirts | Sponsors. He received an excellent education before serving in the House of Lords and then traveling to France and Italy. Elements of Marlowe’s life show up in countless places in Shakespeare’s plays, and many claim that hidden ciphers and anagrams within the works give hints that Marlowe is the true author. The well-travelled Stanley can be placed in France and Italy around the time when these pivotal events took place, and his position as a noble would’ve meant he was privy to key events that may have inspired scenes in the plays of Shakespeare. He spent most of his life as a regular fixture in the Queen’s court, but he also distinguished himself as a patron of the theater and as a lyrical poet. Manners was a patron of the arts who was renowned for his keen intellect. Top 10 Independent Comic Book Anti-Heroes, Top 10 Rare and Important Archeological Finds,, 10 Foods the Pilgrims Probably Ate at the First Thanksgiving, The Monumental Figures of the Renaissance, Top 10 Infamous Roman Emperors and Empresses, Top 10 Foods the Pilgrims Probably Ate at the First Thanksgiving, 10 Famous Symbols (And What They Really Mean), Josip Broz ‘Tito’ Biography: Too Tough for Stalin, Adrian Carton de Wiart Biography: The Unbreakable Soldier. Marlowe faking his death is an exciting story. Examinations of his writing style have found remarkable similarities with Shakespeare, and a document bearing Neville’s seal has been found on which the signature “William Shakespeare” is written several times, as though someone were practicing it. Most of all, Bacon was simply the preeminent thinker and writer of his day. Not only that, but they frequently nominate candidates—some of them quite famous—as the true author. In college one of the theories was the group itself was actually called “Shake a Spear” which is what they were doing at the aristocracy. Most times they got better. Both men lived in Stratford on Avon—perhaps even on the same street—and both had many of the same friends and acquaintances. Most if not all of the proposed alternate authors have biographies that dovetail with characters, settings, and story lines in Shakespeare plays.

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