Beech is associated with femininity and is often considered the queen of British trees, where oak is the king. A few have a weeping habit. The brown-purple flowers of the beech do not start to grow until the tree is about forty years old. Have you ever seen the flowers of a beech? The beech tree is deciduous tree that is native to Asia, North America and parts of Europe. 020 3176 5800 Walking in the woods a few years ago I came across a tiny, brightly colored spiky pod mixed in with the leaves. Purple forms need full sun. These are known as cupules. Beeches have a smooth grey bark; some develop criss-crossing ridges with age. In the autumn, the leaves turn a magnificent rusty-red colour before beginning to fall. I'm no gardener but have just moved into a house with a beautiful dark purple-leafed tree in the front garden. Beech hedging looks distinctive from many other deciduous hedges in winter because it keeps the brown leaves from the previous season. Beech Trees grow 15-40 metres high and are found in Europe, Asia and North America. The nut husks are incredibly distinctive, and it’s hard not to stop and pick up the brightly colored velcro covered husks for a closer look. Someone told me that it was a copper beech but I've googled that and that seems to produce a rather hairy looking nut rather than a fruit. A number of narrow or weeping selections are suitable for gardens. The fruit of the beech tree is a nut. A lot of people use it instead for butter. These are known as cupules. Nuts are not normally produced on hedges that are clipped in summer. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America. Tolerates clipping when done from a young age. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected When the spring arrives, you will notice the buds on the beech trees opening out into deep, emerald-green leaves. In Celtic mythology, Fagus was the god of beech trees. Beech can reach from 15 to 50 meters (50 to 164 feet) in height, depending on the species. It is a large tree and can grow to 40m. Beech nuts, sometimes referred to as ‘mast’, are produced in autumn and can attract squirrels. Trees with yellow young foliage are best in partial shade as this reduces sun scorch on the leaves. The smooth bark of the Beech Tree is a favorite spot for lovers to carve their initials. Recent classifications recognize 10 to 13 species in two distinct subgenera, Engleriana and Fagus. The European beech (Fagus sylvatic… Well, if you have, you know that the tree must be at least forty years old! The fruit of the beech tree is a nut. Beeches make large, handsome trees when fully grown, noted for their rich yellow or orange autumn colour. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. These normally spreading trees are up to 25m (80ft) tall, but more compact forms can have narrow upright or teardrop-shaped crowns and some have cut-leaved, purple (copper) or bright yellow (golden) leaves. They will not tolerate excessively wet or dry soils and young leaves can be damaged by late frosts (choose hornbeam instead for sites prone to these problems). The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Beech seeds are a great food source for a large variety of birds and mammals, including mice, squirrels, chipmunks, black bear, deer, foxes, and bluejays. The better known Fagus subgenus beeches are high-branching with tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey bark. Beech wood from The Chilterns was used as firewood for London, then when coal replaced it, for furniture. All the information you’ll need to grow & care for beech in your garden. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Beech typically has smooth grey bark and medium-sized, pleated leaves. Add your photos, text, videos, etc. Leaf colour will not be good in deep shade. Beech typically has smooth grey bark and medium-sized, pleated leaves. Sometimes, they even remain until the following spring, when the new shoots eventually have to force them off! Beech nuts used to be a central part of a pig’s diet, and oil made from beech nuts is very popular in some countries in Europe. Beech is often used for hedging and, although not evergreen, will retain old brown leaves in winter that provide additional interest and screening. A Changing Libraries Initiative - This site and all content is made available under respective copyrights. Beech will grow in most soils that drain easily, in sun or light shade. In some years there is a huge crop of oil-rich beech nuts. The bark is generally smooth and light grey in color. These are known as cupules. The twigs may retain dead leaves throughout winter (which makes beech good for hedging). These normally spreading trees are up to 25m (80ft) tall, but more compact forms can have narrow upright or teardrop-shaped crowns and some have cut-leaved, purple (copper) or bright yellow (golden) leaves. It is protected inside a small, triangular shell, which appears hairy on the outside. Forked beech twigs are also traditionally used for divining. It has produced gorgeous, shiny, red-purpley fruit the size of a small plum or an oversized cherry. 222879/SC038262. However, its appearance is similar to hornbeam. Young twigs have a slight zig-zag appearance. The tree was thought to have medicinal properties and its leaves were boiled to make a poultice which was used to relieve swellings. A few have a weeping habit. Beech nuts used to be a central part of a pig’s diet, and oil made from beech nuts is very popular in some countries in Europe. Mature trees resent hard pruning. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. The Engleriana subgenus is found only in East Asia, distinctive for their low branches, often made up of several major trunks with yellowish bark. Beech nuts are tasty, nutrient-dense nuts produced in the fall by beech trees (Fagus sp.). It grows very tall, and has a smooth, grey-blue bark. These are known as ‘mast’ years where ‘mast’ is an old word for ‘fruit of the forest’. It is protected inside a small, triangular shell, which appears hairy on the outside. The fruit of the beech tree is a nut. to this page. Beech hedging looks distinctive from many other deciduous hedges in winter because … It is protected inside a small, triangular shell, which appears hairy on the outside. Although the beech tree is deciduous, its leaves stay on for a much longer time than most other deciduous trees. It has a lifespan of 150 to 400 years, depending on the species. Find information, photos & videos by location. 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