“Remember, follow directions. The graphic is a half-circle dial, divided into six pieces, from green to red. Baltimore, MD, /wp-content/uploads/module_media/beh1_media/audio/beh1_audio_11_jackman.mp3. When they deliver negative consequences, teachers can respond more effectively if they: Listen as Lori Jackman describes what can happen when a teacher becomes upset and lets her emotions guide how she delivers a negative consequence (time: 0:49). Instead, the teacher might first remind the student about a classroom rule that all homework must be turned in at the beginning of the period or make the student finish her homework during recess. Copyright 2020 Vanderbilt University. The fifth consequence is labeled “Time-out [in class].” This consequence is yellow-orange. Finally, the eighth consequence is labeled “Office referral.” This consequence is colored black. High School: This graphic is an example of High School Negative Consequences. For example, taking away the TV won't be an effective consequence if your teen uses a laptop to watch shows online. All rights reserved. Project Officer, Sarah Allen. A young girl constantly nags her older sibling to take her to the mall. The third bar, “Modification,” is yellow-green. Be specific about the behavior and exactly what is to follow in the instance the child continues to misbehave (e.g., “If you throw the block again, I will take all the blocks away.”) It is often best to tie the negative consequences to the negative action, such as throwing blocks leads to blocks being taken away. August 8, 2014, mason, Comments Off on Famous Examples of Unintended Consequences. School-age kids are developing more social skills, and are increasingly spending more time being with peers and making friends . Lori Jackman, EdD A negative consequence delivered with uncertainty may convey the message that the teacher is unsure of himself, leading the student to attempt to negotiate or plead his way out of the situation. Towson University In the case of the student, cell phone and Xbox being seized are the negative punishments, and pay-cut is the negative punishment in case of the lazy employee. The IRIS Center is funded through a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) Grant #H325E170001. "The negative consequences of this affect us too". "This has negative consequences also for urban areas". The first bar graph is titled “Consequences: Elementary School.” The stair-stepped colored bars indicate a series of increasingly serious negative consequences. Below are examples of negative consequence hierarchies for elementary and secondary students. The third consequence is green-yellow. ), Example of Negative Consequence Hierarchy for Elementary Students, Example of Negative Consequence Hierarchy for Secondary Students. Negative consequences should be: Surface management strategies are simple, nonintrusive ways to respond to minor disruptive behaviors (e.g., whispering during instruction, getting out of seat). Assistant Professor of Special Education The second graphic is titled “Consequences: Secondary School.” It presents eight horizontally stacked segments that are meant to indicate a series of increasingly serious negative consequences. Here are some of the most common negative consequences that work with kids: Apologize; No bedtime snack; Time-out The next-to-last bar is orange. The only time that it would be appropriate to jump to the end of the hierarchy is if the child is endangering themselves or someone else. In this case, the annoying behaviour ends when the young girl gets her desired response. Modules, case studies, activities, & more, Sample syllabi, curriculum matrices, & more, Sample PD activities, planning forms, & more, Resources & tools for independent learners, Feedback and testimonials from IRIS users. "Its negative consequences affect mostly the poor and vulnerable". This is another classic example of negative reinforcement. If the student continues to misbehave, the teacher should administer increasingly intrusive consequences until the misbehavior stops. When using negative consequences, make sure that the consequences you choose will actually deter your child's behavior. We use cookies to ensure that your visit to our Website is the best it can be. "He doesn't face any negative consequences legally or otherwise". The graphic is styled to resemble a thermometer with the less-serious consequences at the bottom and the more-serious ones at the top. When they develop their classroom behavior management plans, teachers should create a negative consequence hierarchy that ranges from the least-intrusive (e.g., rule reminder) to the most-intrusive consequence (e.g., parent contact, office referral). I think there’s times when our emotions get caught up in the interaction with our students, and we may say or set up some kind of consequence that isn’t really connected to the management system and isn’t really beneficial in helping change that student’s behavior. Sometimes teachers can use surface management strategies, such as redirecting or intentionally ignoring the student, to prevent, interrupt, or stop minor undesirable behaviors and thus avoid the need for negative consequences. The IRIS Center Peabody College Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN 37203 iris@vanderbilt.edu. Click here to develop your own negative consequences.

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