In 1903 Straube had gone to teach at the conservatory in Leipzig, where he became organist at the Thomaskirche and later, in 1918, the Thomaskantor, a position once filled by Bach.  Straube's organ playing reflected late-romantic style: as in Reger's works, his use of the Walze and Swell roller mechanisms, pioneered by Wilhelm Sauer, permitted rapid changes of dynamics and orchestral colour. 20274", "Sebastian Bachs Orgelfugen für das Pianoforte: zu 4 Händen eingerichtet", "Bach, J.S., Sechs Preludien und Fugen für Orgel (vierh. , Because of the piece's overall rhapsodic nature, many organists play this piece freely, and in a variety of tempi; it can be easily transcribed to a different instrument. In 1857, having attended a Bach organ recital at the Frauenkirche, Dresden, which captivated both Clara Schumann and Joseph Joachim, Liszt's reaction had been, "Hm, dry as bones." The differences between the two versions of the prelude are discussed in Williams (2003): the earlier version is 43 bars long, while the later version is 53 bars long. 2 After Reger's death in 1916, a series of Straube's pupils in Leipzig helped maintain that tradition, despite the Orgelbewegung, the German organ reform movement that had started in the 1920s. In his book, Stinson gives the A minor prelude of BWV 543 as the main example for how the process works, with particular attention given to how the pedal part can be filled in from the right hand. -  One of Straube's Leipzig pupils, Heinrich Fleischer, was called up for service in Germany in 1941; in Russia he was injured in an automobile accident in 1943; after three days of surgery at Równo, he was informed that two fingers of his left hand would have to be amputated, one completely and the other partially. ", In 1847, exhausted by his years on the concert circuit, Liszt retired to the Weimar, where in 1848 he was appointed to be Kappelmeister at the Grand Duchy, the same role once filled by Bach. • Switch back to classic skin, Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 3.0, http://imslp.org/index.php?title=Prelude_and_Fugue_in_A_minor,_BWV_895_(Bach,_Johann_Sebastian)&oldid=3149118, Works first published in the 19th century, Pages with commercial recordings (Naxos collection), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 License, Montréal: Les Éditions Outremontaises, 2012. Despite his injuries, he moved through US university appointments to the University of Minnesota, re-establishing his career as an organist. The semiquaver figures begin as a solo in the manual:, and then, after a lengthy demisemiquaver embellishment over a tonic pedal point, are heard again in the pedal. Nevertheless, as far as Bach's music is concerned, Liszt became highly influential as a performer, transcriber and teacher. That Bach could be misjudged for so long, is the greatest scandal for the “critical wisdom” of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries." Stinson (2006) points out that this kind of gimmickry was not uncommon at that time: "Indeed, [Liszt] is reported to have accompanied Joachim in the last movement of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto with a lighted cigar in his right hand the entire time! • Page visited 9,487 times • Powered by MediaWiki 4 Later he also divided his time between Budapest and Rome, teaching masterclasses. The copyist associated with C. P. E. Bach has only been identified as "Anonymous 303"; the manuscript is now housed in the Berlin State Library. Peters. The sources for BWV 543 are summarised in the section above. Liszt included it in his transcriptions of the "six great preludes and fugues" BWV 543–548 for piano (S. 462), composed in 1839–1840 and published in 1852 by C. F. ", Through their connection with the publisher C. F. Peters, the family of Fanny, Rebecka and Felix Mendelssohn are known to have played in private or performed in public Bach organ works arranged for two pianos or piano four-hands. During his period in Rome, there was a service at the church of the French Embassy, where Liszt performed one of Bach's fugues: according to Stinson, Liszt is unlikely to have had the pedal technique required for any of the Great Six, so almost certainly it was one of the WTC. In his introduction Stinson writes that experiencing these works "through the eyes and ears of these four titans immeasurably increases one's appreciation of the music." Features which distinguish Bach's writing from seventeenth-century compositions include its regular tempo throughout; the careful planning of climaxes; the well-judged changes from semiquavers, to semiquaver triplets and then demisemiquavers. As a Bachian, organist and composer, Reger's views on Bach reception, in particular his public writings, are well recorded in the literature. Pierre Gouin (2012/5/22), score Bach's contemporary relevance (“Was ist mir Johann Sebastian Bach und was bedeutet er für unsere Zeit?”); as Anderson concludes, "The brevity of Reger’s “essay,” however, does not prevent the emergence of certain themes that are developed at greater length elsewhere in his writings: the nature of progress, the “illness” of contemporary musical culture, German nationalism, the guilt of the critics." 4 0.0/10 10 In semi-serious banter, Liszt demonstrated three ways of playing the A minor fugue, a work that Laurens said was so hard that only Liszt might be the only one capable of tackling it. ", BWV 543 – Prelude and Fugue in A minor for organ, Prelude and Fugue in A Minor, BWV 543 – Prelude, Prelude and Fugue in A Minor, BWV 543 – Fugue, Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion, "Preludes and Fugues (Praeludia) BWV 531–552", "Johann Sebastian Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, and Johann Jacob Froberger: The Dissemination of Froberger's Contrapuntal Works in Late Eighteenth-Century Berlin", International Music Score Library Project, "Johann Sebastian Bach, Präludium und Fuge, A-Moll", "Nunc Dimmitis, obituary of Heinrich Fleischer", "Sebastian Bachs Orgelfugen für das Pianoforte : zu 4 Händen eingerichtet, A-Wn Mus. 2 After bars 36, there are semiquaver motifs in the manuals answered by similar motifs in the pedals: there are brisé effects similar to those found in chorale prelude BWV 599 or the Passacaglia, BWV 582/1; and pedal motifs similar to those found in the chorale prelude BWV 643. In fact the previous year Liszt had eloped to Geneva with Marie d'Agoult, with whom they eventually had three children. This video is about Bach Short Prelude and Fugue in A minor Women also played an important role: Clara Schumann as a highly reputed pianist and fellow advocate of Bach; and Mendelssohn's accomplished sisters, Fanny and Rebecka, who played the fugue in piano arrangements either together or with their brother Felix. Prelude and Fugue in A minor, BWV 543 is a piece of organ music written by Johann Sebastian Bach sometime around his years as court organist to the Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1708–1713). 10 In the 1880s, American pupils of Liszt, particularly Carl Lachmund, attested to his pleasure in hearing or speaking about the fugue, be it at a Weimar dinner party in his honour, where students sang it together, or in a masterclass discussing its performance. 3 No. , In 1898, before any recognition for his music, Reger had travelled to St. Paul's Church, Frankfurt am Main to hear a recital of his works by the Berlin organist Karl Straube. - Prelude and Fugue in A minor, BWV 895 (Bach, Johann Sebastian) , In his book on the reception of Bach's organ works in nineteenth-century Germany, the musicologist Russell Stinson immediately singles out Felix Mendelssohn, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt and Johannes Brahms. " In 1905 Reger became the regular piano partner of Philipp Wolfrum, director of music at Heidelberg University and author of a two-volume monograph on Bach. An additional source is the score made by the copyist Michael Gotthardt Fischer; it is now stored in the Irving S. Gilmore Music Library of Yale University. The sources for BWV 543a, which is presumed to be an earlier version of BWV 543 differing markedly from the prelude but identical to the fugue, originate in Leipzig. What does—pardon, what should—Sebastian Bach mean for our time? 0.0/10 After three months in Woronińce, Liszt set to work on preparing the transcriptions of BWV 543–548. Hs. )", "35. this change, however, does not and cannot mean that the early version is wrong or that the composer was mistaken. In search of originality, I found myself trapped in one of my deepest loves. The fugue theme, like that of the prelude, is composed of arpeggiated chords and downward sequences, especially in its later half. Laurens then writes that, "lighting a cigar that passed at moments from between his lips to his fingers, executing with his ten fingers the part written for the pedals, and indulging in other tours de force and prestidigitation, he was prodigious, incredible, fabulous, and received gratefully with enthusiasm."
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