It is a practical application of the “Golden Rule.” On an excessively windy day, two people look at a group of people who are about to be killed by a trailer. You are tasked with saving lives, but one cannot purposely sacrifice a life to save other lives. 14 0 obj His moral theory “is broadly deemed the most critical and influential of all deontological theories” (Burnor and Raley). S•ªU¦ú½¹÷¤k*Ó�¨Jz%´\½¹ÌÇš¦dMU%´z',G�™òçşã’šä,iÄ+oN/”é¬^ ¡³Ê,µ,gë°h®. It can be applied in non-realistic situations. The most distinctive feature of deontological moral conceptions is that they define fundamental principles of right and justice in terms other than taking the most effective means to promote maxi-mum good. endobj In deontology, to be ethically right, people can only act in a way where humanity is treated as a means of an action and as an end. Deontological ethics create a paradox. OɆË}u6|̲ÉOyUºú”{�_ß�Â0˜MÏ‚R}=M‹ƒéõAéİ¿p§. In deontology, that means one can never respond with violence, no matter what. 3. As the theory is based upon the moral absolute of doing your duty it makes decision-making clearer and should lead everyone to the same conclusion without the … 2. The downfall of this ethical theory is that certain standards will always be subjective, especially when divine commands are included. endobj The Pros and Cons of Kantian Deontology Moral Theory Immanuel Kant is one of the greatest moral theorists of the eighteenth century. People who choose not to work because they would rather play video games on Sunday are morally wrong, not because of what they are doing, but because their purpose was to avoid following God’s commands. Because there are no exceptions, it is difficult to always remain ethically “right” in deontology. There are times when the maximum welfare of a society is forbidden when following deontological ethics. It is a matter of subjective opinion. Even lying to a murderer, he argued, to save someone from becoming a victim was morally wrong. It could people at risk. Pros and Cons Deontology is an approach that focuses on the moral rightness or moral wrongness of a specific action. He is the mastermind behind the moral theory, which is aptly named soon after him, Kantian Deontology. Deontological theory is advantageous in that it is able to ground ethics upon law and duty. Here are some of the various pros and cons to deontological ethics that are worth considering. His argument is that because ethics are based on the action, a better choice would be to do nothing. Say that God orders that all people not work on Sundays. Immanuel Kent introduced deontological ethics in the late 18th century. {äÄG¯÷9 The first person makes an attempt to save their lives by pushing them out of the way. It does not look at the consequences of such actions or the characteristics and habits of the actor involved. The Golden Rule is a long-time standard for human conduct. In this framework, we are always able to know exactly how we should act in a certain situation because we have either a theoretical foundation or a command upon which to base all of our decisions. It does not look at the consequences of such actions or the characteristics and habits of the actor involved. It eliminates the idea of self-defense. xœå[ÛrG}×Wä¾A„h¦os‰} `�1^¯1 ]o„ñC©»f¦PMW««[£á3ĞÆ~ï�¬ª¹H0c°iÅŠ ú:yêäÉ“Ù­A”�ø¡% è{ü}K¿üŠJD÷ó‘¯�áˆÙÑ“zømLq²Ş~2¥§'Gƒı—¤ƒ'�ovnîˆ÷™w�†y”æY>Q±8zøï“Œ¾1G/ñçÀWûÔh?¿y§óCÇ43Â-q›f»m‰;òÖ,‰òx2ç4ÊÓh�óá�NJúåŞ›{í\RÑÙÖ,dóæ>M³ ŞvjÌYD?˜jFØÙ¬ÈÎMÓÓcMZIK­¡46¢×¢}g*Ùà$Ѻ3_ÿó_8X’²÷¥“ïù;¼ì+éøA+DŒàê®)æÂr¤*ºjUİšš <> stream Creating disharmony would be considered ethically wrong, so it would be an action to be avoided. The act of killing someone purposely to save others is not allowed as “good,” but neither is allowing others to die if you can take action to prevent it. This assignment covers the advantages and disadvantages of deontology and discourse ethics. That means every perspective is individualized, but society will attempt to generalize. - The first strength of Kantian deontology is that it rises above the most prominent flaw of relative theories; such as utilitarianism and situation ethics, it does not require a prediction of an actions consequence it determining its morality. Kofi Annan: Importance of Youth Leadership, Youth Leadership in Community Development, Taking Youth Leadership to the Next Level, How We Are Helping Chinese Disabled Youth, Front Loading Washing Machines Pros and Cons List, Flat Organisational Structure Pros and Cons List, 22 Good Songs for 18th Birthday Slideshow, 23 Bible Verses About Death Of a Grandmother, 42 Good Songs for 70th Birthday Slideshow, 34 Good Songs for 40th Birthday Slideshow, 19 Primary Pros and Cons of Legalizing Weed, 32 Good Songs for Moms Birthday Slideshow. People should act in such a way that their actions would become a universal law. 2. << /Type /Page /Parent 1 0 R /LastModified (D:20201127231219+00'00') /Resources 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.000000 0.000000 595.276000 841.890000] /CropBox [0.000000 0.000000 595.276000 841.890000] /BleedBox [0.000000 0.000000 595.276000 841.890000] /TrimBox [0.000000 0.000000 595.276000 841.890000] /ArtBox [0.000000 0.000000 595.276000 841.890000] /Contents 14 0 R /Rotate 0 /Group << /Type /Group /S /Transparency /CS /DeviceRGB >> /Annots [ 7 0 R ] /PZ 1 >> His argument was that all ethics were absolute. 1. People who choose not to work because God commanded it are morally right because they followed the command. Many religions even have this concept at the core of their “behavioral expectations” of faith. 5. It creates a guideline to follow. He is the mastermind behind the moral theory, which is aptly named after him, Kantian Deontology. The advantages and disadvantages of both ethics going to make decided whether to build the German chemical firm or not. Immanuel Kant is a single of the greatest moral theorists of the eighteenth century. “Deontology” is commonly used in moral philos-ophy to refer to nonconsequentialist moral concep-tions. It creates a level of personal responsibility. Your only available self-defense is to find a means of escape that does not involve harming yourself or someone else. His moral theory "is widely considered the most important and influential of all deontological theories" (Burnor and Raley). The second person realizes that they might die if they attempted to push someone out of the way, so they yell for the group to move. Actions should only be taken in a way that would harmonize society if all the laws and procedures enacted were to harmonize. You believe that all forms of violence are wrong. The Pros and Cons of Kantian Deontology Moral Theory. It is a process where all members of a society can aspire to be virtuous because they understand what is expected of them from an ethical standpoint. endstream It does has many attractive aspects, but it is not … Main contents … Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.

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