Salt is made up of sodium and chloride and is ionically bonded. After it is harvested from plants its processed into different colored and flavored sugars that are both solids and liquids, including granulated, brown, powdered, raw, molasses and golden syrup. Their greatest similarities are in their common appearance as small white crystals and their use in the preparation and flavoring of food. They are also very different chemically. As with salt, sugar has radically different properties (both physical and chemical) than its constituent elements. There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. 3. Similarly, the shape of a … Salt is found in colors ranging from colorless to white, gray and brown. Watch the following lab videos and decide whether salt or sugar has stronger bonds. Kosher salt is mined and collected from the sea and is usually seen in craggy crystals that are excellent for curing meat and cooking. Sugar is sucrose or fructose or glucose. Brazil is the top sugar producer. Salt is the most abundant mineral on Earth. This reaction is spectacular to observe (Video \(\PageIndex{1}\)). Salt can be created by adding two very reactive elements together: sodium (\(\ce{Na (s)}\) metal and chlorine (\(\ce{Cl2 (g)}\) gas. Sugar is sucrose or fructose or glucose. Sugar has the chemical formulate \(\ce{C12H22O11}\) and is constructed from different elements than salt: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Salt is necessary for life. For more information contact us at or check out our status page at Have questions or comments? Video \(\PageIndex{2}\): A science experiment in the kitchen shows what happens to sugar molecules when they are heated. The element chlorine (Figure \(\PageIndex{1b}\)) is a pale yellow, corrosive gas that should not be inhaled due to its poisonous nature. Another compound is sugar, which is the generic name for sweet, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food. Legal. [ "article:topic", "showtoc:no", "transcluded:yes" ], 5.2: Compounds Display Constant Composition. In fact it is so abundant that its supply is considered inexhaustible. [CDATA[*/ While sugar qualitatively resembles table salt (often confused in the kitchen), the two have distinctly different physical and chemical properties. 5.6 Properties of Sugar and Salt Lab Assignment Worksheet Instructions: 1. Salt is NaCl or KCl. /*
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