System Analysis an Design. A programmed computer is a dynamic system in which programs, data, and applications can change according to the user's needs. It provides effective and efficient way of communication between technical and nontechnical users about system. Before planning, you need to understand the old system thoroughly and determine how computers can best be used in order to operate efficiently.System Design focuses on how to accomplish the objective of the system.System Analysis and Design (SAD) mainly focuses on − 1. The program documentation process starts in the system analysis phase and continues during implementation. For example, an autonomous robot. It can reduce system downtime, cut costs, and speed up maintenance tasks. The environment is the “supersystem” within which an organization operates. SYSTEM ANALYSIS & DESIGN. They represent one pair of relationships such as activity–time or cost–quantity. Before planning, you need to understand the old system thoroughly and determine how computers can best be used in order to operate efficiently. For example, an information system which must adapt to the changing environmental conditions. Examples of exceptions and error situations. It describes the structure and behavior of the system. For example, Rockets, dams, trains. Machine System is where human interference is neglected. It is the source of external elements that strike on the system. RELATIONSHIP − They are the meaningful dependencies between entities. Mirror file − They are the exact duplicates of other files. Current situation analysis 4. It must be clear, understandable, and readily accessible to users at all levels. 2. Informal Information System − This is employee based system which solves the day to day work related problems. A system overview that clearly describes all major system features, capabilities, and limitations. A system should be defined by its boundaries. For example, vendor code, student name. In this phase, the complex activity of system development is divided into several smaller sub-activities, which coordinate with each other to achieve the main objective of system development. It helps users, managers, and IT staff, who require it. Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT), for example, is used to abstract a real world system in model form. Requirement determination plan 3. It is used to update or process the master file. File Access methods allow computer programs read or write records in a file. CT026-3-1 System Analysis and Design One Pacific Health Club Instructor can check their time table by view schedule option, and the time table will be updated by the management. This phase focuses on the solution domain, i.e. Include the documenting process and system models for system design. Data flow diagram, E-R diagram modeling are used. Processes 3. Explanation of responsibility for specific input, output, or processing requirements. Business organizations are dynamic systems. The primary objective of systems analysis and design is to improve organizational systems. It is the phase where the SRS document is converted into a format that can be implemented and decides how the system will operate. Physical System may be static or dynamic in nature. The knowledge of the boundaries of a given system is crucial in determining the nature of its interface with other systems for successful design. A function hierarchy diagram or web page map that graphically describes the program structure. The analysis and designing are two broad wings of one bird. Temporary System is made for specified time and after that they are demolished. For example, human beings, animals. Formal Information System − It is based on the flow of information in the form of memos, instructions, etc., from top level to lower levels of management. A schematic model is a 2-D chart that shows system elements and their linkages. Overview of menu and data entry screen options, contents, and processing instructions. There are four file organization methods −. Analysis specifies what the system should do. It is a technique used in database design that helps describe the relationship between various entities of an organization. Social System is made up of people. Abstract systems are non-physical entities or conceptual that may be formulas, representation or model of a real system. Programmers or systems analysts usually create program and system documentation. For example, business policies. The users must know the main objective of a computer application early in the analysis for a successful design and conversion. System Design focuses on how to accomplish the objective of the system. When it comes to System Design, there are following four main documentations −. For example, Addresses of the employees. For example, keeping employee attendance records, overdue purchase orders, and current stocks available. For example, automatic library system, railway reservation system, banking system, etc. For example, in an organization, purchasing department must interact with production department and payroll with personnel department. Proposed system requirements including a conceptual data model, modified DFDs, and Metadata (data about data). Systems analysts usually are responsible for preparing documentation to help users learn the system.

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