The sap flows about a month later than maple sap, and much faster. Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. Inner bark is cooked or dried and ground into a powder and used with cereals in making bread. yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) leaf, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) leaf underside, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) leaves in may, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) branch green, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) flower buds, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) flower catkins, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) fruits / seed, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) branch in winter, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) terminal bud, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) axial bud, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) trunk / bark, yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) crown in winter. The name Betula lutea was … Seeds are not produced on young trees and once production starts crops are heavy once every 10 years and much lighter on intervening years. Birch has green leaves that are oval or elliptical in shape. The main difficulty is differentiating Yellow Birch from Paper Birch. Bark is normally smooth shiny reddish-brown when young that separates into papery curly strips and with age becomes tan to golden-yellowish or silver gray with expanded lenticels, fissures and scaly plates. Female flowers (pistillate) appear with the leaves and are reddish-green upright catkins, about 3/4 to 1-1/4 inches long at maturity, back of the tip on the same twigs. All rights reserved. Twigs and leaves have the flavor of wintergreen and can be used as condiments. It occurs on various soil types including glacial tills, outwash sands, lacustrine deposits, shallow loess, and residual soils derived from sandstone, limestone, igneous, and metamorphic rock. The leaves of Yellow birch are ovate, 6 - 12 cm (2.4 – 4.7 in) long and 4 – 9 cm (1.6 – 3.5 in) broad. Yellow birch. The male flower hangs down, the female flower is upright. This tree prefers to grow in cool regions with damp or saturated soil. Yellow birch is a medium-sized hardwood tree, normally growing up to 25 m tall and 60 cm in diameter with a crown spread of 10 m. It has an irregularly rounded crown and a well-formed bole. Skype: healthbenefit55. Essential oil of Birch can ease sore muscles or joint pain if applied externally. Bark is waterproof and has been used by native peoples as the outer skin of canoes, as roofing material on dwellings and to make containers such as buckets, baskets and dishes. It was first discovered at Allegehny River in the U.S. hence its botanical name. Both Paper Birch and Yellow Birch feature peeling bark. Paper Birch Tree Facts. Yellow birch, an Illinois native, has a silvery bronze bark that peels into small strips. The leaf is dark dull green above, light yellow green below and is hairy when young. Winged samara with two wings which are shorter than the width of the seed which matures and gets released in autumn. 1 part fresh bark, leaves, and twigs, chopped, 2 parts menstruum (95 percent alcohol, 5 percent distilled water), 1 part dry bark, leaves, and twigs, chopped, 4 parts menstruum (95 percent alcohol, 5 percent distilled water), Betula alleghaniensis f. macrolepis (Fernald) Brayshaw, Betula alleghaniensis var. If the skin problems are severe or chronic, a decoction of the bark can be used as a wash or added to the bath. off the ground, and in fall the foliage turns a blazing shade of yellow. Male flowers (staminate) occur in a cluster of 3 to 6 reddish-green catkins that appear on the twigs in the fall and then elongate up to 3 – 4 inches long, in the spring, near the ends of twigs, in hanging clusters taking on a yellow-purple color. Pollination is by wind. Form . Yellow birch, (Betula alleghaniensis, or B. lutea), ornamental and timber tree of the family Betulaceae, native to the northeastern part of North America. The tree is monoecious, that is with separate male and female flowers on the same tree. Yellow birch chips can be used to produce ethanol and other products. alleghaniensis Britton, Betula alleghaniensis var. This species shows some resistance to bronze birch borer. Traditional uses and benefits of Fernleaf Biscuitroot, Major Health Benefits of Sleep and Recovery Supplements. Addiction – What Are the Short- and Long-Term Effects of Drug Abuse? Interesting Birch tree Facts: Birch is a medium-sized tree that can reach 30 to 50 feet in height. Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. It has been used to treat gout, rheumatism and mild arthritic pain. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The Yellow Birch is botanically called Betula alleghaniensis . Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Birch,,,,,,,,,,,, This does have medicinal properties, though it is mainly used as a flavoring in medicines. The leaf margin is finely serrated. Each flower has an ovary, a pair of styles but no calyx or petals and occurs in groups of 3 and is also covered by bracts. Fall color is yellow. Yellow Birch is an aromatic, medium-sized, slow growing, long lived, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree that grows about 60 to 75 feet (18-23 m) in height and up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in diameter, and sometimes grows to 100 feet (30 m) in height and 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter. These cone-like structures will usually remain on the twig after seed release. Growing paper birch trees means you’ll always have something interesting to look at in the landscape. Yellow Birch is a large and valuable hardwood species in northeastern North America. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. The bark on its limbs and young trunks is silvery-yellowish in colour, hence the name. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding, like loamy soils. Leaves are alternate, simple, elliptical, 4 to 6 inches long and typically half as wide with a pointed tip, rounded to heart-shape base and a sharp double-toothed margin, 9 to 11 veins per side. Young trees have smooth bark. Yellow birch is little used medicinally, though a decoction of the bark has been used by the native North American Indians as a blood purifier, acting to cleanse the body by its emetic and cathartic properties.

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