Ex. Here is the math to show scales of Eb dim as part of the C dim. The diminished scale presents a unique set of circumstances to learn a special type of scale. This means that:
Rank Root Scale Notes Intervals More Info; 1 : A : Half Diminished Scale : A,B,C,D,Eb,F,G : 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 The bb7 is spelled as a 6th interval. Just like with regular diatonic scales, we can assign each note in the diminished scale an associated chord. Thus use of enharmonic spellings is quite common. A Symmetrical Scale (i.e. The unison interval is called the tonic indicating the starting note of a scale. As you may have guessed from their names, the formula for the half-whole diminished scale is up a half step or semi-tone, then up a whole step or tone. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). Here’s a quick look at how to build diminished chords on every note of the scale: Diminished triads. Previously we talked about how several diminished scales use the same notes. Try it out and listen to how it sounds. Example of C diminished: First degree: C and ominous sound. It has a distinctive timbre: tense, dark, and unstable sounding. Since 5b is a diminished fifth, on this chord we have two diminished notes. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. Individual Music Theory Lessons, Register for free instruction: Mastering a Song Quickly Comparatively speaking the workshops combine material that would be covered in several method books and years of lessons. Diminished Scale Guitar Diagram 2. The Diminished Scale The Diminished Scale is: An Octatonic Scale (i.e. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. And they get their names from the interval pattern that create them. At each point where the next step is a whole step is the new key or related scale. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});
. There are two diminished scales called the half-whole and whole-half. This is sometimes noted 1­♭3­♭5. There are 3 ways to think about constructing the scale that corresponds to the diminished chord: 1. This is what the diminished scale looks like when starting on C and working into the second octave to A. We’ll explain why we use this many notes shortly. The diminished scale is an eight-note scale that is built by picking a tonic note, and then alternating whole steps and half steps from that starting note. A diminished chord is a type of chord that contains a minor 3rd (three half steps above the root) coupled with a diminished 5th (six half steps above the root). The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. As we work through the math formula you see how this is accomplished. And the d8 is a seventh. Because of that it is also commonly referred to as the whole-half diminished scale. You build a diminished chord with a root note, a minor third, and a diminished (lowered) fifth. In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. Notes | Rhythm | Keys-Scales | Chords Unlike other scales which contain seven notes, these scales contain eight notes. While all my lessons are free, if you find them useful please consider donating to help keep them coming. Interestingly, if you move any note in a diminished chord up a whole-step, you still remain within the Diminished Scale – so you still have a diminished chord. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. Note: 7bb is the same as diminished seventh. the intervals repeat in a pattern) Here i… In our example’s case, that would be the C major scale. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. For example, the C diminished chord includes the notes C, E♭, and G♭. they are modes); The chord from the C H/W Diminished Scale is a C7♭9 (C E G B♭ D♭); The chord from the D♭W/H Diminished Scale is a D♭dim7 (D♭ E G B♭), C H/W = E♭ H/W = G♭ H/W = A H/W = D♭ W/H = E W/H = G W/H = B♭ W/H, Moment’s Notice ~ John Coltrane (Coltrane’s solo at about 2:07), Freedom Jazz Dance ~ Covered by Miles Davis’ Second Great Quintet (Hancock’s solo at 4:50). The diminished scale is an eight note scale. This means that (for example) an A diminished scale contains the same notes as a C diminished scale, an E flat diminished scale, and a G flat diminished scale. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). This is difficult to remember. The Diminished Scales Characteristics Notation: + = augmented or raised a half step; d = dim = diminished; Interval Pattern: semitone – tone – semitone – tone – …etc. This means that all of the above chords are completely interchangeable. The Keys and Scales Workshop fully develops these additional scales and relationships. These are listed below. Because it is a symmetrical scale (and much like the diminished chord) there are only three unique diminished scales: There are, however, two possible modes of each diminished scale. Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. Diminished chords are made this way: start with a major chord.

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