The new palace, known as Golden House, would have been massive, covering a third of Rome. The emperor Nero ruled from 54 to 68 AD, when he lost his power and committed suicide. The Great Fire of Rome was a devastating fire in AD 64. The fire expanded through an area of narrow, twisting streets and closely located apartment blocks. Background. Map (published by the R.P. It then spread along the Palatine and Caelian slopes. He was in Rome during the great fire. About This Episode. [6][page needed], Publius Cornelius Tacitus was a senator and historian of the Roman Empire. Also destroyed in the fire was the portion of the Forum where the Roman senators lived and worked. Tacitus explains that the fire started in the Circus region near the Caelian and Palatine Highlands of Rome. The fire is believed to have been accelerated by arsonist activities where young men threw burning torches across the area. The Great Fire of Rome (Latin: Ignem magnum imperium), was an urban fire that occurred in July, 64 AD. The Campus Martius (Latin for the "Field of Mars", Italian Campo Marzio) was a publicly owned area of ancient Rome about 2 square kilometres (490 acres) in extent. The varying historical accounts of the event come from three secondary sources—Cassius Dio, Suetonius and Tacitus. [9] Of Rome's 14 districts, 3 were completely devastated, 7 more were reduced to a few scorched and mangled ruins and only 4 completely escaped damage. The Great Fire of Rome (Latin: Ignem magnum imperium), was an urban fire that occurred in July, 64 AD. [3] However, some modern historians, including the Princeton classicist Brent Shaw, have cast doubt on the traditional view that Nero blamed the Christians for the fire. Clues and Evidence. The congested buildings made it difficult to evacuate people leading to loss of many lives. The fire erupted from a store where flammable items were stored and spread rapidly at night due to strong wind. Nero was motivated to destroy the city so he would be able to bypass the senate and rebuild Rome in his image. Discover the past of Rome on historical maps. The primary accounts, which possibly included histories written by Fabius Rusticus, Marcus Cluvius Rufus and Pliny the Elder, do not survive. Residential houses of both the rich and the poor were destroyed. Forced Order. The earliest surviving detailed account of the one which broke out under the full moon that night in July comes from the Roman historian Tacitus, who was only a small boy at the time. After six days, the fire was brought under control, but before the damage could be assessed, the fire reignited and burned for another three days. What Are The Differences Between A Ground Fire And A Surface Fire? Brief overview of the events surrounding the Great Fire of Rome. However, much of the work has been lost, including the books covering events after 70 AD. The inhabitants of Rome in the year 64 lived mostly in wooden houses and shacks, an easy prey to fire. The Great Fire of Rome - Background. After the Great Fire of Rome occurred in 64 AD, it was rumored that Nero ordered the fire to clear space for a new palace. The great fire of Rome breaks out and destroys much of the city on this day in the year 64. In 59 AD, encouraged by his mistress Poppaea, Nero murdered his mother. [7], According to Tacitus, the fire began in shops where flammable goods were stored, in the region of the Circus neighboring the Caelian and Palatine Hills of Rome. This account further claims that Emperor Nero was on a tour upcountry in a place called Antium and was shocked by the news that the city was on fire. May 29, 2014. All this time Nero watched from his palace as the fire consumed everything while just playing a musical instrument called Lyre. There were unconfirmed rumors that Nero sang from a private stage during the fire. Most people saw this as a theory to detour the minds of people from the actual cause of the fire which the popular belief was that it was caused by Emperor Nero. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . In the aftermath of the fire, two thirds of Rome had been destroyed. Great Fire of Rome Map Quiz Stats. Nero watched from his palace on the Palatine Hill singing and playing the lyre. The fire destroyed mostly everything it came in contact with due to poorly built and maintained timber-framed homes. When the fire was finally put off only four of the fourteen districts were untouched. Motivated by a desire to destroy the city, Nero secretly sent out men pretending to be drunk to set fire to the city. The third account states that the fire was accidental. By John Misachi on May 21 2018 in Society. The fire was so fierce that it took six days to control it. Looters and arsonists were reported to have spread the flames by throwing torches or, acting in groups, hindering measures being made to halt or slow the progress of the flames. A section of the modern scholars also postulate that the fire was set to create room for the building of Nero’s “Domus Aurea,” a magnificent palace.

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