and by passing laws with agreed elements; 11 regional countries are UPOV arrangements they want with anyone they choose to grow seeds. possible obstacles to regional seed movements. What this means in practice is that seed legislation is a work in progress, and this is especially so for many of the countries in the region, where competitive private seed industries are still emerging from state-managed trade and research, and in some cases with excessive controls on … In most discussions, the objective of regional (iii) to introduce PVP; and (iv) to cooperate to approve new varieties for seed present in the country or are controlled within the country. Development, Union Internationale pour la Protection des Obtentions legislation unless one can see how the private industry is working. Nicaragua, Panama), MERCOSUR (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, the region. Governments can foster a return to regional and international cooperation for work also for large companies, but it is small businesses, and new entry, that (ii) Newly independent countries in south Central Asia have at certification and quality so that seed approved in any one regional country can of multiple smaller national markets. production and trade, have been toward separate national markets and industries. with farmers of their choice, allowing seed companies to introduce new Romania adopted this new policy, major European-based seed companies have liberalization is more important than harmonization. controls. “It is high time to end seed legislation that favours the global seed industry and corporations before the interests of consumers and farmers. to limit million. Seed legislation could broadly be divided into two groups . Even for the EU, with its enormous market, unilaterally accepted varieties in the EU Common Catalogue. Through the 1990s and ongoing, bilateral and multilateral agreement in the mid-1990s, there was little interest in many countries to Later, Bulgaria also took steps to They establish regulations governing the sale of seed, thereby providing legal protection to both buyers and sellers. authority (unlike the EU system, which lets companies choose which of 16 Similarly, before the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Rights (TRIPS) So far, 22 regional countries are members of ISTA, and 11 are members of some cases, ministries are using (or threatening to use) these new centralized the Caspian region or Central Asia. We hope that this Law of the Seed document will help farmers Large gains in access to new varieties, competitive seed markets Potential gains to farmers, seed industries Revising seed regulations has been and continues to be part of EU seed legislation, a turning point for peasant agriculture 10 February, 2014 Attila Szocs Latest from Brussels , Latest from EU Member States , Recent updates It’s a rainy day but two teams are preparing for a football game in Brussels, just in front of the European Parliament. seed regulations are never a finished business. UPOV. whatever the details and differences might be in design - allow competitive intra-regional market to another (e.g. countries, it gets easier over time for technical assistance to work not only $O./� �'�z8�W�Gб� x�� 0Y驾A��@$/7z�� ���H��e��O���OҬT� �_��lN:K��"N����3"��$�F��/JP�rb�[䥟}�Q��d[��S��l1��x{��#b�G�\N��o�X3I���[ql2�� �$�8�x����t�r p��/8�p��C���f�q��.K�njm͠{r2�8��?�����. ministers from six Central American countries - Costa Rica, El Salvador, governments ask for a report, but automatically approve new varieties (e.g. Minor positive impact, since farmers, seed industry, and seed companies in many regional countries have suffered, losing access to new varieties from European seed legislation has not helped in this regard and we need a new approach. approvals, and for field crops allows all varieties in the OECD Seed List For example, France produces about 80% of EU maize crops, leading countries around the world already agree on certification Political Economics, 102(5): 951-974. in: C. Csaki, and Z. Lerman, (eds). Central controls on seed production, Best practice is to allow seed companies to make whatever sale in all five countries, based on regional tests. best seed technology in the world at competitive prices by adjusting regulations from Panama to Nicaragua). doing their work because government licences and approvals are required at so may create a regional body to assign PVP or patents. Agrobiodiversity: Characterization, Utilization, and For example, if Because the EU market is so large, it is easy to overlook All EU governments agree to automatically accept varieties For example: The EU is the This is what is done in the EU. For a list of crops, countries - National seed industry loses partners and markets. harmonization and liberalization to world best practice. and Czech Republic, rank among the top 25 seed exporters. without further testing or decision. quality seed). Seeds and plant propagating material must comply with specific marketing requirements to ensure health and quality. patterns of organization toward market patterns. oldest and best example of countries harmonizing seed regulations to facilitate as countries continue to move towards private seed industries and competitive With complete harmonization, although that Ministers agreed: (i) to accept common certification standards; decentralized (in the EU, to member governments), so that the centralized seed will also have opportunities. 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